Cars in Australia and the US: Is the New Car Smell Bad for your Health?

Of course we all remember the article, a little while back now, about how: Dr Geoffrey Evens Suffers with MCS-like Symptoms with New Cars? Evens, the Research Scientist who bought a new car that set of his formaldehyde allergy he picked up while working in a laboratory for years. Well, the gist of this story is long-winded, something that’s not going away fast, for many of us.

In ‘How toxic is your new car?‘ by Building Biologist and author of Healthy Home Healthy Family, Nicole Bijlsma, answers to some of our questions are put forward:

Ever wondered what that new car smell was doing to your health?

Well if you drive a Honda Civic or CR-Z or Toyota Prius you can breathe easy as they were rated the healthiest. If however you recently purchased a Mitsubishi Outlander or Chrysler (family cars) consider wearing a respirator and tyvek suit – they were the worst. A study conducted by consumer advocate (US) investigated the pollution in cars. There are over 275 different chemicals in the interiors of new cars many of which are associated with birth defects, impaired learning, liver toxicity and cancer (, 2012). Cars were assessed for a variety of toxins including PVC (hormone disrupting chemical), heavy metals such as lead (behavioural disorders) and cadmium (carcinogenic) and brominated flame retardants.

You can Read more here

In Is the New Car Smell Bad for your Health?, written by Jim Travers and published by BBC Autos, the article is ripe with helpful information for consumers:

“There are over 200 chemical compounds found in vehicles,” he said. “Since these chemicals are not regulated, consumers have no way of knowing the dangers they face.”

Since these chemicals are not regulated, consumers have no way of knowing the dangers they face. 

Just reading a list of the substances is scary enough, and makes your car’s interior sound like a hazmat hall of fame. Benzene, toluene, formaldehyde, and heavy metals are all part of the mix. And the danger of exposure is scarier still. Immediate symptoms can range from a sore throat to headaches, dizziness, allergic reactions and nausea, depending on the sensitivity of an individual.

For people already sensitive to formaldehyde and other chemicals, choosing a car can be difficult, especially if the fragrance used in most 2nd hand cars puts many of them out of reach. However, there is great news from BBC Auto when it comes to buying new cars:

Automakers we spoke with, including Fiat/ChryslerFordGeneral Motors and Honda all say they’ve taken steps to reduce VOC levels in their vehicles, along with other substances of concern (SOCs). They say they’ve accomplished this primarily by using different materials, coatings and adhesives in manufacturing, and all say they are continuing to look for ways to reduce the use of potentially harmful substances in their cars.

One known carcinogen that seems to be on the way out is polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which the Ecology Center found was used in virtually all new car interiors in 2006. By 2012, that number was down to 73%. Manufacturers say PVC use continues to decline, and Honda, for one, claims to have eliminated it entirely from interiors of most models.

Other companies like Ford are trying out alternatives like soy padding used in the seats. However, while Australia and the US lag behind the European Union’s REACH program (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and restriction of CHemical substances), designed to protect consumers from harmful chemical irritants, allergens and toxic chemicals, the BBC suggests:

” … the best thing that buyers can do to limit exposure is to keep car interiors well ventilated, especially during the first six months of ownership. Park in the shade with the windows open when it’s safe to do so, or at least try to air it out before getting inside — especially on hot days.

Avoid sitting in the car while it is parked, and use a windshield solar shade to minimize heat buildup. The Ecology Center also advises frequent passes with a microfiber towel and a non-toxic cleaner, especially when a vehicle is new. “Chemicals like to hang out in the dust,” said Gearhart.

And for those who are especially sensitive to chemicals, he suggests making an extended sit behind the wheel part of the test drive, to see if symptoms or irritation start to develop.

“Spend time in the vehicle before purchasing it,” said Gearhart. “Or even consider buying a used car.”


The New Ecology Center guide to toxic chemicals in cars helps consumers avoid a major source of indoor air pollution. Honda rated the best again due to reductions in PVCs.

Nicole Bijlsma: How Toxic is Your Car

Jim Travers, BBC Autos: Is the New Car Smell Bad for your Health?

This report contains vehicle screening as well as historic test results for nearly 1,000 vehicles: 2011/2012 Guide to New Vehicles

In the US: is the NHTSA site where you can identify and report problems you might be having with your vehicle, tires, equipment or car seats

The New Ecology Center guide to toxic chemicals in cars helps consumers avoid a major source of indoor air pollution

Michellina Van Loder is a Professional Writer, Journalist and Blogger. This is where she shares her tales about trail blazing her way out of the Labyrinth of Chemical Sensitivities and Mould. This is also where you will find the latest Research on related topics.

New Rental and Throwing Stuff Out

Impulsively, I went online, looking for a rental, my mould-induced-scatterbrained thoughts: just a rolling tumbleweeds in the moment. The area I’m building in is made up of a hundred or so houses; the likelihood of finding a suitable rental there is made up of the odds: 1 to nothing. It took one year to find the rental I’m in now (on the opposite, busy end of town). And usually, its’s old non-renovated beach shack at max. However, the outside air is clean when my neighbours are not spraying, burning (illegally) and mowing. The traffic is low, even in the terrorist tourist season because there are no shops on my new side of town. Alas, there’s a beach and a marine national park, which just means fishing to some. Even if our oceans are suffering. Who cares, he’?! I do.

The side of town, I’m on now is right near the bay; during weekends, the sunnier it is, the more I’m locked inside with the noise of the two InovaAir filters being the soundtrack to my life. I don’t care. Air-conditioned days are my friend because VOCs cannot outgass. I get the most writing done, sitting in bed, on those days. My dog, Bella, is not impressed (even though she’s off the prozac!); but as Bubba say’s: “What can I do?”

Borrow money. Move to a new rental. Feel it: Exciting, the idea that mould is the only thing making me sick, holding me back from living a life that goes beyond YouTube where I hang out with real people with real faces, not just words typed into a message. The liberation of excitement, hope: An idea I’ve had before when I moved here into WDB no.2 back in 2013: at first. while I cleaned the house, I slept in the wild: my idea of that anyway. Maybe I bought the mould with me; maybe the water damaged ceiling that leaked about a year ago did it. It had already been fixed when I moved in; only to leak again. The owners, gracefully, replaced the roof but the chipboard ceiling remained. It’s only now that I’ve been told I have all the markings of CIRS that I look up at the ceiling and see the water stains do look bigger indeed.

So I’m on the move again. If the next place is a WDB, just shoot me now. Twice, just too make sure.

I’m sick enough to warrant that. I have to try (to live without mould (not get shot, LOL!)). (Have I blogged about how I’m on oxygen? and was told by a doctor that I appear to have CIRS from living in a water damaged building (WDB)?  X 2. Two WDBs. If I move somewhere else, I can have some time and a mould-free area to try and remediate some of my possessions before moving into the build, which if it goes mouldy, I most likely, can’t move out of because I will owe the bank half of half a million dollars.

UPDATE on the build: our bricky cancelled. Am trying to find a new one. We are supposed to be at lock up stage due to the fact that it’s Autumn and it’s that time of year where outdoor moulds are prevalent.

So, for the third time, I will easily give my possessions to charity. All soft furnishings. Mattresses. Maybe electrical. I will gladly, gracefully give all or most of my stuff the St Kilda Gatehouse. (If the Swiffer testing shows that I need to. I didn’t do mould testing last time, just went off of my symptoms and followed some mould protocol I picked from people’s brains in some forums I belong to on the internet. “Mould is not your only problem,” said my Allergist.)

St kilda Gatehouse; a place in my heart. I’ve been giving to this worthy charity since 2010 when I read this book, Red Light Dark Room: sex, lives and stereotypes, a coffee table book fraught with images of the girls, women, boys, men and family that make up St Kilda’s sex industry street workers.

I enjoy giving my hard-to-part-with things to these people.

St Kilda Gatehouse is a safe haven that St Kilda street sex workers and those with life controlling addictions experience as “their place”. Some of the support offered is:

* Community space
* Advocacy and referrals
* Counselling
* Emergency aid
* Prison and hospital visits

St Kilda Gatehouse
 is made up of professionally trained staff and volunteers who work alongside the communities and individuals who access the Centre. Together they use basic, creative and inventive ways to address the issues that confront street sex workers and those with life controlling addictions.

In Novel 2010, at Victoria University (VU) I wrote about the sex industry for a couple of subjects. Mostly from a social justice angle but also a fictitious one. I only wrote about this topic in my fiction classes, where graciously, I was given the freedom and space to write about what I wanted to write about: the sex industry. I workshopped my chapters with the whole class and was never given anything but professional feedback on my work. I’m so proud of those classes I took at St Albans, VU!

Thanks, again to any of my classmates that read this xo

At the end of one of my Fiction classes (Fiction 2, I think?), I asked for donations of clothes, particularly items for babies, old lipsticks!, make-up not used, personal care products (Yeah, I know dear Canaries, I had so much to give :) )

I ended up with a whole car load! I took some garbage bags to school that night so I could cover the stuff with them because of the washing powder. I mean, think about this: I am chemically sensitive and can’t have anyone in my class wear fragrance products, yet here I am asking for them so we can all collectively donate to St Kilda Gatehouse. It was heartening to know my novel’s character touched their writers’ hearts enough to want to give.

It was in this class that one pregnant person said to me, I’ve changed their lives. They would only use organic clean products after meeting me. I explained how organic is not the concern so much as fragrance and the use of products containing chemical-irritants.

Wish I had a list. Everyone bangs on about toxins, but unless it’s biotoxins from mould, chemical-irritants are what harms us. “Toxin” is a weak, vague word! Chemical-Irritants are what’s in luxury fragrances.

When I gave away my possessions due to fragrance ‘allergy’ and after the 2 mouldy houses, I put a note on my charity bags not to give to any families who have asthma or health conditions. People are on the streets who need warm clothing. But I don’t want their health getting touched by mould. Certainly not in the way I’ve been touched. It’s the worse thing. Well not the worse thing that can happen to these people who need our help:

I wrote and article, ‘She’s Someone: A Peaceful Gathering to Honour Tracey‘; sadly, shockingly, wrongly, she was murdered at St Kilda. Her killer was never found. That’s the worse thing that can happen…


I am doing testing this time via a place I found via here. I can’t spend my life washing and sniffing things to see if they’re clean yet; and I can’t keep asking others, like my carer, to do it for me. I only have cold water to wash with so can’t give all my stuff a good hot wash. Besides, I did that last time at the WDB (Water Damaged Building) I lived in before this one.) I can’t, WON’T part with my books, which are the worst offenders for mustiness. I love the smell of an old book; but my body won’t tolerate the chemicals (yet): ink better than mould though. I’ve replaced a lot of my old books with newer version because they had the perfume I use to use all over them.)


I packed half my books in these plastic containers Dan bought on the weekend. Four more boxes and all my books will be safe! To keep; not read. When I get better I will read them.

But yeah, I’m looking for a way out. We found a new rental. So not only am I building a house, I am renting another house as a chemically sensitive person, which involves a lot of cleaning up of other renters fragrances. All the fragrance that is in previously rented houses doesn’t always wash away but sometimes, and less, more than often, the fragrance comes off and we’ve found a suitable place to live where we won’t get headaches and amplified chronic illness. Like I hope I have.

This new house has carpet. But I felt better as soon as I walked in. There are a lot of tiles. And the areas that are tiled are closed off from the rest of the house’s carpet. It hasn’t been lived in for a while, always a bonus. And has air-conditioning, which I need on a lot of the time. The Australian Government gives me a rebate for this over the summer period because it’s on 24/7. Yes, I get cold.

I can’t be this sick for such a long time: it’s almost, at times, unbearable. (The times when friends and family are not on your side with the fragrances issue; that’s what makes it unbearable. How can I go to a University and be accommodated but not by people who say they love me? Dan? Bubba?)  Now it “appears that I have CIRS” and that I may have physical proof and a disease code to back up my illness, I’m even more chuffed that all I have to do is a few more tests, an MRI (last Thursday)

and move away from the mould so I can get my Macrons tested and take binders to rid my body of the biotoxins (I am told). No wonder I feel so sick. I’m lucky if I have 1 or 2 days a week where I’m well enough to chase up, follow up and decide on house products and issues. I’m lucky I have oxygen as it allows my brain to function at full flight. In bed, writing all day: there are benefits!

Possessions are not the only thing to count unless that’s all you have. If you have no family and you have the nicest clothes you can afford, and live alone and get to write all the time, that sounds good to me. Throwing out your beautiful clothes, not so good,

(I am washing with cold water in the machine we bought over from the other WDB. We keep it outside but not having hot water is bad because I can’t wash mould out. We do use a hell of a lot of vinegar, FF soap and bicarbonate of soda. Once we move into the new house we will have to buy a new machine. I can’t believe there is no government rebate or assistance for mould impacted people, or chemically sensitive people. Neighbour sprays something en masse into your home while your windows are open, too bad. Life as you know it could be over. Unless you’re like, the Australian Prime Minister or something… )

This is the third time I will have to throw stuff out depending on the test results of the mould testing and the species.

The first time I threw out everything was because of the fragrance that was on all my stuff via perfumes, washing powders, everything with fragrance in it, which was everything I owned: and this was back in 2002-3-4. It took sometime. I still have old photos that have my old fragrances on them, which are now scanned. Sometimes, I sniff them so I can go back and remember, feel, almost ‘be’ back in that time of my life.

I got sucked in by Unilever’s smarmy and sexist and misogynistic advertising. I wore Blue Illusion Impulse Body spray for years. I carried it as a weapon in my bag in case I needed to spray it in a guy’s eyes. It says ‘CAUTION’ on the bottle. Oh, and I used it at age 15 to cover the bong smell in my bedroom, one time. I didn’t stop using it as a deodorant until I was 33 and got sick from ‘Inhalant Allergies’ aka ‘just discriminate against me now’ and aka ‘go live a housebound life’. And back when I gave away all my possessions in 2003 when a big truck came to take them away, I cried. I cried as I sat down at the table and threw out most of my photo albums. I’ve kept around 100 photos from my youth, early 20’s and 30’s.

I suppose I grew up that day: material possessions are nothing. If you don’t have your health or your family, you have nothing. 

The first time, I gave all my stuff to another charity called The Salvation Army, who’d helped me out one time. I didn’t know the Gatehouse existed. I just hope my stuff went to a house with children who didn’t have respiratory illness impacted on by mould. You know, chemically sensitive children. Or children with MCS. Or worse, MCS and Electro hypersensitivity. Being marginalised and on the lower-socioeconomic scale and having a controversial illness is like a triple whammy.

I can only imagine the type of discrimination and exclusion they face on a day to day.

You know, there are people in our world who say that MCS doesn’t exist and that we’re mad? The media ignore us. The Australian  NICNAS review made MCS it’s claim to fame (I mean they didn’t use IEI, did they?), but just didn’t follow up with any awareness programs or anything that could make our lives easier.

“A consistent finding from a number of Australian and overseas studies has been the need for further research. Following public consultation, including with MCS interest groups in Australia, a review report entitled A Scientific Review of Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: Identifying Key Research Needs was published in November 2010…”

And we face the repercussions of that judgement and exclusion from the medical system via ‘No Disease Code’ in a huge way. Nearly all of us people with ‘MCS’ have lost family members and friends due to the systemic use and abuse of personal care products containing fragrances. Perfumes. Aftershaves. Lynx or Axe, depending on what side of the globe you are on–but still made by UNILEVER or some other corporation or company that refuses to use the products on IFRAs list of fragrance ingredients (See, they’re not hiding anything from consumers; just breaking up families and causing a lot of work for Disability Discrimination Legal Services (DDLS)). They could choose ingredients that are not chemical-irritants, sold on to the masses via the latest ‘luxury’ fragrance.

No one wants to stink, including me. I shower each day and I’m pretty sure I don’t smell bad. But everyone else, the whole world it seems, has fragrance on them. And I don’t fit in anymore.

Finding a rental is fraught with difficulty. Yet the first day I looked online I found a place that is carpeted with wool carpet upstairs and tiled downstairs and, get this, it’s one street away from our build so I won’t have to drive my car, which has a water leak in it. Dr Little says Aspergillus is growing under the carpet. He also says, “Mould is not your only problem.”

Anyone want to but a 98′ wagon suburb for 4k? Contact me: Skype Miche1239 (Mouldies don’t apply.)


Donate your warm jackets: The St Kilda Gatehouse

Buy the Book: Red Light Dark Room: Sex, Lives and Stereotypes

My ‘Weekend Notes’ article on Tracey Conelly: She’s Someone

My blog post on drops that worked: Pullaria Mould

The machines that are the soundtrack to my life: InovaAir Purifiers

MouldLab: ERMI sampling to show the levels of mould, which will determine if I keep my possessions or not

Michellina Van Loder is a Professional Writer, Journalist and Blogger. This is where she shares her tales about trail blazing her way out of the Labyrinth of Chemical Sensitivities and Mould. This is also where you will find the latest Research on related topics.

The Dose Makes the Poison?

Up on ISSUU is a free publication titled, Pesticides, Food and You: The Dose Makes the Poison?, produced by Friends of the Earth, here in Melbourne, Australia, and funded by The City of Yarra. Now, as some of you who already know (possibly from harsh experiences, yourself), the ‘dose’ of a chemical, allergen or irritant is not determined by the actual dosage. Rather, it’s a matter or ‘the dose + the host makes the poison’, a phrase coined by Dr Pamela Reed Gibson. Do you have a dysfunctional immune system? Has an exposure to a toxic dose of poisonous chemicals? Worked with substances you’ve become sensitised to? Got allergies? Then, as you’ve possibly already discovered, chemicals effect you differently (from Joe and Jane Doe who are out spraying there lawn with herbicide bi-monthly). In The Dose Makes the Poison, this point is discussed further:

“All substances are poisons; there is none which is not a poison. The right dose differentiates a poison….” ~ Paracelsus (1493-1541)

“This quotation essentially defines how our society deals with the issue of toxicants. The quote means that the body will experience a harmful event only when one is exposed to a high enough dose of a particular substance. The toxic effect of a substance will increase depending on the amount that one is exposed to. For example caffeine or alcohol consumed in high enough quantities will kill a person, yet millions of people drink varying amounts of caffeine or alcohol ‘safely’ every day.

On a dose response curve, chemicals typically reveal a graded effect between no effect and a toxic effect. The theory states that even a highly toxic substance will not cause an unhealthy response if the exposure level is small enough and a practically non toxic substance can cause an unhealthy response if a person is exposed to enough of it. The potency of a chemical is therefore determined by the dose that one is exposed to.

Public Health Authorities use the Paracelsus philosophy as the basis of their various health standards which specify how much of a particular substance is safe in food, water and the environment. To do this, a substance must first be tested, usually by a pesticide registration applicant, for its short term, or acute toxicity. This is done with toxicity (dose response) experiments, where the amount of physically impaired, sick or dead laboratory organisms (usually mice, rats, rabbits and dogs) are counted after they are exposed to differing concentrations of a particular substance.

A dose refers to the organism’s exposure via inhaling, eating and absorption through the skin. It can include a single dose, or doses which resemble the effects of a lifetime exposure. Response refers to the changes to animals as a result of the exposure. Normally as the dose increases, the amount of death or health impairment in the test animals will also increase. Threshold concentrations are then set which then take into account acute toxicity and also a search for evidence of long term effects of exposure to low level doses either in humans or animals. A safety factor of between 10 and 1000 is then applied based on the degree of confidence of existing information that provides an accurate estimate of the effect of the substance on human health. From this process, regulators determine an Acceptable Daily Intake. (ADI) which is effectively the health standard…

The theory “The Dose Makes the Poison” does not properly define modern toxicology. Firstly it assumes that people react in the same way to chemical exposure and that tests carried out in animals also cross over to humans.

It also does not factor in sensitivities at different life ages (e.g. young children and foetuses react differently to chemicals than adults do), nor does it factor in issues concerning disease sensitivities of people suffering diseases such as Multiple Chemical Sensitivity.

Tests on laboratory animals to determine effects do not adequately measure chronic (long term) toxicity, or the effects of average chemical exposure per day over many years, nor do they factor in the synergistic impact of a cocktail of pesticides that a person may be exposed to, as tests are carried out on individual chemicals only. It also does not properly take into account the impacts on endocrine disruption or the toxicity of substances on the immune system.”

You can click on the image below and read the full body of text from Friends of the EarthThe Dose Makes the Poison? 0n ISSUU or enlarge or download the magazine below:

In the recent past, paid MCS skeptics have attempted to paint a picture of this illness being of a psychogenic (like, all-in-our-heads, yeah?) nature. I mean, surely because most people are fine with small doses of pesticide or fragrance chemicals, then those who do have physical symptoms caused from a minute dose must be manifesting symptoms caused, perhaps by, oh I don’t know… something missing from our lives on an emotional level? Oh, please, paid skeptics! stop attempting to suggest a quasi-diagnosis based on Woo as a theory. It’s getting old (like the year 1980 kind of old).

Previous studies on MCS, and recent discoveries in genetic polymorphisms show that people with MCS have detoxification mechanisms and immune systems that have been seriously compromised, most likely from a combination of environmental insults superimposed on inefficient genetic detoxification pathways. (MTHFR gene anyone?) Also, if there are nutrient deficiencies or enzyme depletion issues, people with MCS who have chemical exposures will find it more difficult than others to process that exposure. More about pesticides and MCS from An Inconvenient Truth, an article on MCS from Arizona Advanced Medicine:

One reason pesticides cause so much trouble for the human body in general, and those with MCS in particular, is that the manufacturer often adds an enzyme blocker to the formulation so that the poison cannot be metabolized properly. This means that the chemical remains in the body (of insect or human) longer, making it even more toxic. That may be desirable if we are talking about killing cockroaches. It is definitely not good for the human beings who share the same air and end up inhaling or absorbing the same toxic chemicals through their skin.

Luckily, there are many doctors who are willing and able to help and support us with our medical problems. However, a medically recognised case definition for MCS is something many of us are still waiting for. Resistance has loomed large in this issue. Arizona Advanced Medicine, point out one well known case of opposition in regards to completely accepting this diagnosis into mainstream medicine:

Mainstream medical resistance remains robust. Just ask the esteemed Dr. William J. Rea of Dallas, a Board certified surgeon and one of the earliest medical professionals to recognize MCS. He has been a target of the medical establishment for the last 25 years. He has treated sick Exxon Valdez cleanup workers and people sick from the toxic chemicals in crude oil and dispersants released during the BP oil spill. In August of 2007, the Texas Medical Board challenged his recognition and treatment of MCS and threatened to revoke his medical license. After three years in court, it was finally proven that the Board’s claims were unsubstantiated and he was exonerated of all charges; he is left with a boatload of legal bills. The Board said that from now on, Dr. Rea must simply inform patients that his treatment is not FDA approved.   Many parties have a vested interest in keeping all manner of chemicals a large part of the world economy. It is sobering to know that in 1990 for example, the Chemical Manufacturers Association vowed to work with state medical associations to block the recognition of MCS. (See accompanying article from Dr. Ann McCampbell.)

The Dose Makes the Poison leaves us with this final point:

Current pesticide regulation has not yet evolved to keep up with recent scientfic research that reveals pesticides can have significant impact at very low doses, well below the levels currently regarded as being safe. The ‘dose makes the poison philosophy’ needs to be overhauled to include the full impacts of pesticides and chemicals that can, for example, impact on endocrine function.


And, in conclusion to this post, I’ll leave you with the ending of Rachel Carson’s poem from A Silent Spring, which sums up the answer to this situation a whole lot better than I ever could:

“If …we have at last asserted our ‘right to know’, and if, knowing, we have concluded that we are being asked to take senseless and frightening risks, then we should no longer accept the counsel of those who tell us that we must fill our world with poisonous chemicals; we should look about and see what other course is open to us.”

(A list of endocrine disrupting chemicals (including pesticides) can be found at this link. Most worrying is that many of the endocrine disrupting substances on this list are commonly detected on food in Australia including some of the most commonly detected pesticides such as: Iprodione, Procymidone, Fenithrothion, Endosulfan, Permethrin, Pyrimethanil, Dicofol, Carbaryl, Cypermethrin, Fenvalerate, Vinclozolin, Fipronil, Dieldrin, Malathion are all regarded as suspected Endocrine Disruptors by the Pesticide Action Network.)


Donate: Friends of the Earth, Melbourne

Another Aussie, Sara Wilson, writes: Could you have chemical intolerance? what next?

Green Biz: Why the Adage ‘the Dose Makes the Poison’ Can Be Toxic to Corporate Chemicals Policy

The Right Chemistry: Silent Spring+50: What’s Really Changed?

The Book: Our Stolen Future

NCBI: Evaluation of Genetic Polymorphisms in Patients with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity

Michellina Van Loder is a Professional Writer, Journalist and Blogger. This is where she shares her tales about trail blazing her way out of the Labyrinth of Chemical Sensitivities and Mould. This is also where you will find the latest Research on related topics.

Information, products and views presented by guest bloggers @The Labyrinth are not necessarily the same as those held by this blog's author, Michellina van Loder. Reviews are my own personal opinions (unless stated otherwise); and satire is used throughout personal posts. Any health topics discussed are not to be taken as medical advice. Seek out medical attention if needed and do your own research; however, you're welcome to use mine as a start.
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